Resveratrol – Longevity supplement with potential

by | Jun 2024 | Micronutrients, Nutrition, Uncategorized

Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound found in various plants, including grapes, blueberries, raspberries and mulberries. In recent years, it has attracted a lot of attention due to its potential health benefits – particularly by reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and extending lifespan in some organisms.

Mechanisms of action
The health benefits of resveratrol are attributed to its effectiveness in different biological pathways:

  • Oxidative stress: Resveratrol helps to reduce oxidative stress by scavenging free radicals and increasing the production of antioxidant enzymes that can protect cells from damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS).
  • Inflammation: Resveratrol has been shown to inhibit the production of inflammatory mediators such as cytokines and prostaglandins, which play a key role in the development of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative disorders.
  • Mitochondrial dysfunction: Resveratrol has been shown to improve mitochondrial function by increasing ATP production and reducing oxidative stress, which may help maintain cellular energy metabolism and prevent age-related diseases.
  • Apoptosis: Resveratrol has been shown to induce apoptosis (programmed cell death) in cancer cells, which may help prevent tumor growth and progression.
  • Promoting survival and angiogenesis: Resveratrol has been shown to promote cell and blood vessel survival, which may help maintain tissue health and prevent ischemic disease.

Health benefits
Resveratrol has been shown to have potential health benefits for various diseases, including:

  • Cardiovascular diseases: Resveratrol has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by improving lipid profiles, lowering blood pressure and inhibiting platelet aggregation.
  • Cancer: Resveratrol has been shown to have anti-cancer properties, including inhibiting tumor growth, inducing apoptosis and reducing metastasis.
  • Eye diseases: Resveratrol has been shown to have potential therapeutic effects in age-related eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration.
  • Neurodegenerative disorders: Resveratrol has been shown to have neuroprotective effects, including reducing oxidative stress, inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction, which may help prevent neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

However, despite its potential health benefits, resveratrol also has some limitations and disadvantages:

  • Bioavailability: Resveratrol has poor bioavailability, which means that only a small amount of the compound is absorbed into the bloodstream after ingestion. This may limit its effectiveness in humans.
  • Toxicity: Some animal studies have shown that high doses of resveratrol can cause toxicity, including heart inflammation, kidney damage and death. This highlights the importance of investigating the potential toxicity of resveratrol in humans.
  • Hormonal effect: The effect of resveratrol can be dose-dependent, with low doses generally having a positive effect and high doses having a toxic effect. This is known as the hormetic effect.
  • Lack of human studies: Although resveratrol has shown promise in animal studies, there is a lack of comprehensive, randomized clinical trials in humans to confirm its efficacy and safety in the treatment of various diseases.


In summary, resveratrol is a promising substance with potential health benefits for a longevity lifestyle, but further research is needed to explore its limitations and drawbacks, particularly in terms of bioavailability, toxicity and efficacy in humans.